A TERAPIA FOTODINÂMICA COMO COADJUVANTE DE TRATAMENTO DA DOENÇA PERIODONTAL CRÔNICA: revisão de literatura

Islayne Cristina da Silva Santos, Pamella Vanessa Vieira dos Santos, Julia Leticia Rodrigues Gomes, Millena Fernanda Paraguai Lima, Natália Karol de Andrade

Resumo


A terapia fotodinâmica é uma nova alternativa terapêutica não invasiva com maior especificidade de sítios e patógenos, essa técnica combina a energia do laser com um fotossensibilizador para produzir moléculas de oxigênio singleto (estado excitado) e radicais livres para destruir os periodonto patógenos sem produzir danos aos tecidos hospedeiros adjacentes. Esta pesquisa foi um estudo bibliográfico, no qual foram selecionados 25 estudos clínicos controlados randomizados, no período de 2010 a 2017 para serem analisadas e atender o objetivo de avaliar o desempenho da Terapia fotodinâmica como alternativa de tratamento da doença periodontal crônica. Os parâmetros avaliados foram: índice de placa, índice de sangramento, profundidade de sondagem, nível de inserção clinico. Os estudos sugerem que a Terapia Fotodinâmica oferece vantagens na modulação de citocinas. É um tratamento indolor, que apresenta resultados positivos em curto prazo. A desvantagem da terapia fotodinâmica é o custo elevado e o efeito prolongado, que ainda é desconhecido e necessita de mais estudos. É um recurso adicional a ser utilizada no tratamento da periodontite crônica junto com a terapia periodontal básica convencional. Porém necessita de estudos a longo prazo para comprovar sua eficácia.


Palavras-chave


Doenças periodontais; Raspagem dentária; Terapia fotodinâmica

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Refer?ncias


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Direitos autorais 2017 Revista da AcBO - ISSN 2316-7262


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